Some people can’t start their day without having at least a cup of delicious coffee. This tasty and aromatic drink may even be described as their fuel for them to get their energy to do the things they need to do.
But as some of us are highly dependent to this beverage, do we really know where our beloved gourmet coffee is coming from? Would it be a surprise if I would tell you that this morning-starter drink that we are talking about came from the fruit of a plant? Well, I know most of you already know that. And it is also common knowledge to most of you that these beans greatly contribute to the final taste of the coffee. So whether you like your coffee normal, decaf, or espresso you would find that each and every type of coffee would much rely on the quality of the coffee beans to be used. So let us learn more about these coffee beans…
The Coffee Plant
In order for us to know more on coffee beans, we should review where the coffee beans are coming from–the coffee tree. The coffee tree is commonly at the length of 5-10 meters in height. As the tree gains maturity, it starts to branch out less and less while on the other hand it produces more leaves and bears more fruit. It characteristically starts to give off fruit three to five years after being planted and will continue to bear fruits until ten to twenty more years, depending on the type of coffee plant and to what kind of area it was planted.
These coffee plants are planted in rows that are quite a few feet away from each other. At some instances, farmers choose to plant them around other fruit trees and sometimes even on the sides of hills. The reason for this is because the coffee plant needs particular circumstances in order to fully flourish.
Coffee plants require warm climate in order to grow perfectly and it is not ideal for them to grow on a climate that is too hot. They also need at least 70 inches of rainfall in a year. Coffee plants require lots of rain in the beginning of the season as the fruits are just starting to develop. But as time goes by, the plants need less water at the time the fruits start to ripen. Harvesting period may range from three weeks up to three months after the fruits become ripe. In some locations, harvesting may extend up to the whole year round.
Now we are enlightened as to where the coffee beans come from but how can we really know which beans are perfect to give us the satisfaction that we search for in an aromatic cup of coffee that we consume every morning?
Coffee Beans 101: How Can We Choose the Best Coffee Beans?
It is common knowledge that plants live healthier when they reside on rich soil. Knowing this, how can we assure that the coffee beans that we buy are of the best quality? Which countries produce the best kinds of coffee beans?
Some people buy raw green coffee beans just to do the roasting themselves. Well, roasting coffee at home seems a really romantic idea. In fact, a lot of Arab countries’ traditions in the past involved roasting of coffee in an open flame. The said act usually marked the start of their coffee ceremonies.
On the western part of the globe, American households still exercise the habit of roasting coffee inside the house. Some people even choose to grind coffee beans with their own coffee grinders to assure that their coffee is nothing but fresh. Other people blend coffee beans too, this means that they mix and match the different kinds of beans in order to suit the flavors that they seek. Doing this makes the coffee much more “personal” and unique that will surely cater to the individual taste of the coffee enthusiast. Some of you may try doing these aforementioned procedures and find out what they can do to help you produce your own gourmet blend. But roasting and blending coffee at home is not enough to ensure the vastness of the coffee’s taste and quality; it all starts with choosing the right coffee beans.
When choosing, it is recommended that you look at the grade of the green coffee beans. It is imperative that you choose high grade beans that will suit your need for a good cup of coffee. Some top suggestions from great reviews would be the Colombian Supremo, Brazilian Santos, Kenya AA, and the Guatemalan Antigua coffee seeds. These beans are grown in highly favorable atmosphere or environment that are well-matched to the cultivation of coffee plants. This just proves that these beans are of the best quality to be roasted for your own individual taste!
But as looking out for the coffee beans’ grade is very significant, it is also important to make sure the freshness of the coffee beans. There are cases where the beans are stocked for a very long time in warehouses that they become less and less appropriate for roasting and consumption. A suggested action in order to guarantee that the coffee beans are fresh is to buy directly from the coffee beans manufacturers. Doing this will assure you that the beans you buy have not undergone months of waiting on the shelves. But if it is inevitable that you buy from a wholesaler, be skeptical of the bean shop and check the quality of the beans immediately after you purchased them. See if the beans are of the same texture and at roughly the same size. Also, check if there are beans with white edges or other kinds of discolorations. With this, you will be able to make sure that you have fresh coffee beans that are perfectly suited for roasting.
Just follow these tips and you will surely be able to enjoy the best aromatic and gourmet coffee that you roasted yourself at the comforts of your home from these tiny yet efficient coffee beans!